Thyroid eye disease

Specialty of Ophthalmology

Thyroid eye disease is an autoimmune disease in which the cells that protect us from infections or other aggressive agents act defectively, attacking different organs or tissues of the body such as the thyroid and eyes. An inflammation of the thyroid gland resulting in the production of hormones out of control (hyperthyroidism) and is manifested by an inflammation of the eye or increased pressure behind them occurs. This can lead to protruding eyes (proptosis), misalignment of the eyes (strabismus) and dysfunctions in the eyelids that in severe cases visual disturbances occur. The snuff and stress are risk factors for developing hyperthyroidism. Treatment includes endocrine control during ocular disease, steroid application or, in more severe cases, surgery newspaper.

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