Respiratory failure occurs when not enough oxygen to the heart or when the lungs do not remove carbon dioxide from the blood. There are several diseases that cause respiratory failure.
- Lung diseases like COPD, embolism, pneumonia or fibrosis.
- Affections of nerves or muscles and spinal trauma, stroke or muscular dystrophy.
- Injuries in the ribs
- Abuse of alcohol or drugs
Treatment depends on whether the failure is short-term or chronic.