The elbow fracture occurs when there is a break in one or more of the bones of the elbow. The main cause of this injury is usually a trauma to the elbow bones, which can be caused by a fall on an outstretched arm, fell directly on the elbow, a direct blow or twist exceeds the normal range of motion. Other factors that increase the options of having an elbow fracture are advanced age, reduced muscle mass, osteoporosis and excessive practice of certain sports. The general symptoms of an elbow fracture is pain, swelling and bruising around the elbow, numbness in the fingers, hand or forearm; decreased range of motion; and visible bulge. The course of treatment varies with the severity of the injury, but may require surgery.