Pharyngitis is inflammation of the throat, between the tonsils and the larynx. This disease can be acute or chronic. The first usually subsides in a week and is caused by a viral or bacterial infection and causes sore throat, fever, rash, redness of the throat, swollen lymph nodes, headache, and difficulty swallowing. Depending on the source of the infection, the treatment involves administration of antibiotics or drugs to relieve symptoms, rest, drink hot liquids or gargling. Moreover, people who constitutionally has the weak pharyngeal mucosa are more predisposed to chronic pharyngitis. It's pathology can be caused by excessive heat or cold, dry environment, exposure to smoke, or mouth breathing, among others. The symptoms are feeling of dryness, discomfort swallowing, coughing or hawking need. Treatment of chronic pharyngitis seeks to alleviate symptoms and is based on avoiding adverse environments and factors that worsen the condition. When it occurs repeatedly and causes serious complications, the patient may require surgery.