Vascular dementia is a condition that is triggered by reducing blood that supplies the brain. It is usually caused by an embolism or stroke, and vascular lesions (abnormalities in the blood vessels), so it is essential the urgent attention of the patient to prevent further complications. In addition, there are some factors that can promote or increase the risk of vascular dementia, such as hypertension, diabetes or smoking. Two types of vascular dementias: multi-infarct dementia, which is caused by blockage of blood vessels of the brain because of the presence of blood clots; infarct dementia only, which the strategic area of the brain where it occurs causes different disorders: aphasia, a disorder of language loss or alteration that causes difficulties in speech and language comprehension; apraxia, a decrease in the ability to perform certain movements; among others. Depending on the type of vascular dementia patient, treatment will be different and personalized.