Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is an innovative technique that involves the excision of the gallbladder using a video camera and a special material that allows the intervention to be performed through very small incisions, ie without opening the abdomen. These small incisions not only have aesthetic advantages, they also reduce the postoperative infections and the postoperative pain diminishes. As a consequence, the fasting period, the bedding period, the hospital stay time and the time of work leave are shorter. It also reduces the risk of hernias in the incisions. Cholelithiasis is the main cause of cholecystectomy. Cholelithiasis is the appearance of "stones" or stones in the gallbladder. These calculations are caused by precipitation of bile salts in the gallbladder and can cause pain (biliary colic), gall bladder inflammation (cholecystitis), obstruction of bile ducts (jaundice), infection (cholangitis), or inflammation of the gallbladder. Pancreas (pancreatitis).