Esophageal cancer surgery
Esophageal cancer is the proliferation of malignant cells in the muscular tube through which food passes from the throat to the stomach. It is a disease closely related to the consumption of snuff and alcohol, so its prevention, in most cases, is to abstain from both harmful habits. In its early stages it can cause difficulty swallowing solid foods, but as it progresses it can cause pain in the sternum, vomiting, coughing and snoring. Treatment depends on the degree of tumor spread: in some cases, simply radiotherapy and chemotherapy to shrink or destroy the cancer cells; in others, the operation of esophageal cancer may also be useful to remove the damaged parts; and in extreme cases, a prosthesis into esophagus is positioned to allow passage of food into the stomach, and if this is not possible because of the severity of the disease, a hole in the stomach is performed to directly enter the food form of slurry and water.