Throat cancer

Specialty of Otolaringology

Pharynx cancer is a disease characterized by the presence of malignant tumor cells in the throat. This condition is classified as nasopharynx, when it affects the upper part of the throat behind the nose; oropharynx, when located in the middle part of the throat; and hypopharynx, when the cancer is at the bottom of the pharynx. The symptoms of pharyngeal tumors depends on their location and size, but all can cause a lump in the neck. The tumor develops in four stages, from small to large, starting without metastasis and tissue around the pharynx and lymph nodes then spread. Treatment also varies by type of cancer: if located in the nasopharynx, chemotherapy and radiotherapy sessions are recommended; for cancers of the oropharynx and hypopharynx, the patient will undergo an intervention if the tumor is small; Neck packages will be removed with surgery, which will be accompanied by chemotherapy and radiotherapy, and removal of the tumor may involve the removal of all or part of the vocal cords.
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