Temporomandibular joint

Specialty of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the one that allows people to open and close the mouth to chew, chew, speaking, breathing, yawning or gesture. This joint connects the bones of the skull and face is twofold, ie, one on each side of the head. Performs three types of movement up and down, forward, backward and both sides. The dental malocclusion, orthodontic appliances, stress and bad habits such as clenching or bite objects can alter the function of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), which occurs when the opening and closing of the mouth is made with lateral deviations. This syndrome can cause pain in the jaw, ears, head, neck, back, plus trouble chewing. TMJ Treatment is aimed at addressing the causes that have caused the disorder and improve symptoms, and may include physical therapy, exercise, medication, relaxation techniques, mouth guards and surgery, although it is rare.

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