Aphasia is a disorder characterized by the loss of the ability to use language, caused by a neurological injury or the language centers in their brain connections. The most common causes of these injuries are strokes, brain tumors, degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's, or head injuries. In addition, different types of aphasia: expressive aphasia, which affects the spoken language and can involve from minimal losses to full loss of the ability to speak; or receptive aphasia, which also affects the ability of understanding and linguistic memory although other classifications. Depending on the degree of involvement of the patient and neurological diagnostic treatment should be approached from various medical disciplines to achieve a progressive rehabilitation and recovery.