The Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is a DNA virus and one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. Most of them are very aggressive ( so -called low - risk), but there is a group that are the cause of genital warts, known as condyloma, and others that can produce cervical cancer, vagina, vulva, year penis c avidity oral.
Low-risk viruses can cause some alterations at the cellular level, although they disappear within a year, in 70% of cases. On the other hand, those who produce condyloma produce very annoying lesions and must be treated pharmacologically or surgically, while high-risk viruses produce alterations in the cells of the genital and oral mucosa that are called dysplasias and can become cancerous .
Symptoms of HPV
HPVs live on the genital and oral mucosae. Except in the case of condylomatosis, which produce a type of warts, Human Papillomavirus does not present any type of symptom and are detected by routine tests performed in gynecological consultations, such as Pap smears , and colposcopy. It can also be diagnosed by more sophisticated means such as the specific PCR test, which is able to determine the type of virus (high or low risk), very important to predict its possible evolution.
The condylomata must be extirpated or destroyed in all the cases without exception, by the annoyances that cause. They can be destroyed by chemicals, such as podophylline resin , or by heat or cold, although one of the most sophisticated and least aggressive methods is laser destruction. Dysplastic lesions should be extirpated by electrosurgery , laser or classic surgery , allowing the lesion to be obtained later to study it anatomopathologically and to corroborate the degree of injury. The process of destruction by heat or cold should not be used, since it does not allow the tissue to be analyzed.