Vacunas para unas vacaciones seguras en países tropicales

Written by: Dr. Francisco Giménez Sánchez
Edited by: Top Doctors®

Vacation comes and every year more people are planning to travel to exotic destinations. Before embarking on a trip to a tropical country, it is advisable to consult with a specialized unit so that appropriate prevention measures can be established.

This consultation must be done well in advance of the trip (at least one or two months earlier), so that, if vaccines are to be administered, appropriate guidelines can be used. It is important to know that the consultation of the traveler must be individualized, and that there are many factors to be taken into account, such as personal, destination and conditions of travel, itinerary, duration, etc.

Profiliaxis is the indispensable measure against malaria


Is it mandatory to get vaccinated for exotic travel?

There is an international health regulation that provides for the prevention of the spread of certain diseases. In this regard, several countries in Africa, South America and Asia require an international certificate of vaccination against yellow fever issued by a duly authorized center.


Prophylaxis: the indispensable measure to prevent malaria that is supplied before, during and after the trip

One of the most important measures to be taken by the traveler is the prophylaxis against malaria , a serious disease that is transmitted through the mosquito bite. The prophylaxis should be started before the trip and continued during the same and a later time, depending on the drug used. This prescription must be made by a suitable professional, who will take into account the characteristics of the person, the destination, exposure, etc.


Other Safe Travel Tips

In addition to the above indications, experts in pediatrics and infectious diseases also advise:


  • Prepare a basic kit with the components recommended by your doctor. 
  • Use repellents in adequate concentrations, since many diseases are transmitted through insect bites. Also, in certain areas mosquito nets and insecticides should be used in the rooms. 
  • Particular attention must be paid to water and food , as they may be the main source of diseases such as cholera, typhoid fever, or hepatitis A. The consumption of liquids should be limited to canned or bottled drinks, avoiding the ice if it does not come from sanitized water. Also, fruits should be washed and peeled, and vegetables and legumes, boiled before consumption. 
  • Heat and moisture can cause fluid loss and dehydration. Try to drink liquids rich in mineral salts. 
  • Although it may sound heavy, it is advisable to insist on the adequate protection of the rays of the sun by wearing sunglasses, hats, hats and sunscreens or creams with a suitable protection factor. 
  • Remember that if you have any signs or symptoms of illness on the way back from your trip, you should see your doctor for an evaluation .


Lastly, remember that healthy travel is the key to a good vacation.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Francisco Giménez Sánchez

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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