Thoracic tumors are all that are in the chest. The most common is lung cancer, but can also be found to a lesser extent mesotheliomas, thymomas, sarcomas, etc..
The primary tumor of the chest is the lung, caused mainly by the consumption of snuff. Specialists in Medical Oncology claim that smoking is the leading cause of chest tumors.
This type of tumor affects each patient differently, because depending on the type of tumor or other symptoms appear about.
In general, thoracic tumors have pain, cough, weight loss without apparent cause, fatigue and loss of appetite. They can also cause dysphagia if they are close to the esophagus or hiccups when they involve the phrenic nerve. Paraneoplastic symptoms, which are totally nonspecific symptoms caused by substances produced by the tumor may also occur
Mesothelioma is a type of chest tumor of slow initial growth mainly arising from the pleura. Asbestos is clearly related to the etiology, the main involved in its development
Treatment of thoracic tumors
Most patients are not candidates for surgery, so these tumors are treated with combination chemotherapy. However, Extrapleural pneumonectomy in selected patients is the treatment of choice.
Currently, there are new innovative treatments in this field. Mesotheliomas are developing the presence of targeted therapies, in which specific mutations to treatment with selective drugs are sought mutation. Also it is evaluating the use of immunotherapy in these patients with promising results.