Gum retraction is the migration of the margin of the gum, exposing the root of the tooth. It can occur as a consequence of periodontal disease (pyorrhea), by a traumatic and vigorous brushing, by dental malposition, by incorrect dental treatments or by mechanical trauma (biting objects, piercings ...).
The retraction of gums favors the appearance of hypersensitivity to cold and heat , the appearance of root caries, the progressive loss of the gum and the bone that supports the tooth and, in some cases, can lead to tooth loss. In the case of anterior (frontal) teeth, it can be an aesthetic problem that worries the patient.
In the event that the cause is pyorrhoea , a treatment should be performed whose main objective is to eliminate bacteria and tartar around the teeth and inside the gums, which is done by hand instruments (curettes) and / or instruments ultrasonic
If it is due to a traumatic and vigorous brushing, the treatment consists in changing the brushing technique by performing a soft and vertical dental brushing from gum to tooth .
If the recession continues to progress despite proper brushing, periodontal microsurgery techniques can be performed that allow the covering of the gum, giving the smile an aesthetic and healthy appearance.
The treatment is definitive as long as the different causes of gum retraction are avoided and with the sine qua non condition of having good oral hygiene , a proper non-traumatic brushing is performed and the professional is regularly visited for reviews of their condition dental and gingival.