pharmacotherapy for smoking cessation

Written by: Dr. Miguel Ángel Ponce González
Published:
Edited by: Top Doctors®

Smoking is a chronic addictive disease. It constitutes the first avoidable cause of death in the world. Healthcare professionals are required to treat smokers correctly to ensure they are no longer smoking.

Smoking is the most pernicious addiction in the developed world and is the first preventable cause of death in Spain. According to recent data, every year 55,000 people die in our country because of tobacco. The WHO says that tobacco kills more than 4 million people a year, and is estimated to exceed 8 million deaths by 2020.

According to the National Health Survey (ENS) 2015, 26% of Spanish adults smoke, which is equivalent to about 12 million people. As for gender, consumption in men is reduced, while there is an increase in smoking among the female population, from 23% of smokers to 27.2%.

 

What is the treatment for smoking cessation?

The treatment against smoking is different for each smoker and depends on the motivation they have to quit smoking. Those who are willing to quit should receive two types of intervention: one aimed at combating psychic dependence and another to relieve physical dependence on nicotine, which is the substance responsible for the physiological addiction and withdrawal symptoms. This addiction is comparable to that produced by cocaine or heroin.

 

Smoking Cessation Medications

In the last decade new drugs have appeared to help quit smoking. The breakthrough in the therapeutic field of pharmacological treatments has opened a debate on the necessity of its financing by the public sanitary system.

The publication of recent scientific evidence on varenicline, one of the most used drugs in smoking cessation, concludes that it triples the chances of success against not using any drug.

 

Perks of stop smoking

The benefits of quitting are multiple. The exfumador rapidly experiences a substantial improvement in his quality of life, with a significant increase in his tolerance to exercise and his gustatory and olfactory capacities. The risk of strokes per year decreases, the risk of a heart attack decreases by half, and the likelihood of respiratory disease, including lung cancer, decreases. In addition, smokers who quit have up to one-half reduction in work hours, fewer days lost due to illness, and fewer doctor visits.

 

Who can offer me treatment to stop smoking?

In Spain have begun to develop autonomic plans for tobacco control. In this consultation will be applied the latest diagnostic and therapeutic advances to quit smoking. The participation of the physician specialized in Pneumology in the smoking cessation considerably increases the rate of abandonment of smoking patients within the units of smoking cessation.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Miguel Ángel Ponce González
Pulmonary Disease

Renowned specialist in Pneumology, Dr. Ponce González has a degree in Medicine and Surgery from the University of Las Palmas since 1998 and Doctor of Medicine and Surgery, Pulmonology, University of Las Palmas 2008. He has held various courses on hospital management. Throughout his career he has combined his clinical work with teaching being associated university Department of Morphology at the Faculty of Health Sciences at the University of Las Palmas between 2009 professor and 2012. It also participates actively the dissemination of knowledge about respiratory medicine with the publication in scientific journals of international scope of articles 15 and 2 full books and 15 book chapters. Member of the Spanish Society of Pneumology (SEPAR) and Vice President of the Spanish Society of Hospital Stay at home (SEHAD) since 2014. He is currently Head of Unit Hospitalization at home in Dr. Negrin Hospital from 200 and Medical Director of Instituto Canario Advanced Medicine (ICMA).

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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