What is Keratoconus?
Keratoconus is an eye disease that is increasingly detected more frequently. It consists of a deformation of the cornea, in the form of a cone, which produces a worse visual acuity over the years.
Why is it developed?
Keratoconus develops due to congenital alterations, it is a hereditary problem. And also because there may be a weakening of the structure of corneal collagen over the years. For example it is very important that parents warn children not to rub their eyes, because it is known at this time that rubbing the eyes can lead to the appearance of keratoconus.
What progress has been made in your treatment in recent years?
We can say that in recent years the treatment of keratoconus has advanced in an impressive way, because nowadays keratoconus can be cured. In the past, the only treatment was corneal transplantation, the only effective treatment, but nowadays corneal transplantation is practically not done since we detected keratoconus much earlier and we can solve it, we can give a solution to patients. Curing keratoconus with a technique called Cross Linking that approximately the patient is between ten and fifteen minutes in the operating room, applies a few droplets, radiation and strengthens the cornea, strengthens the structure of collagen, which is what is weakened. The other technique is the implant of intraestomal rings inside the cornea with a femtosecond laser to correct the astigmatism and also reinforce the corneal structure. And then additional techniques such as the implant of toric intraocular lenses to correct high refractive defects of the patient, this means, myopia and astigmatism. Nowadays if we detect keratoconus early we can treat it with cross linking to reinforce the corneal structure, with rings to also reinforce the corneal structure and correct the astigmatism, and additionally correct the refractive effect to improve the patient's vision. So we can completely cure keratoconus and also provide the patient with excellent visual acuity.
Can keratoconus be cured?
We can say that nowadays keratoconus can be cured. It can be cured if it is detected early. This is why it is very important that, when there is a family history of keratoconus or children who do not see well, that they do not have good visual acuity, they should go to the ophthalmologist as soon as possible.. Nowadays it can be said that with cross linking we can cure keratoconus.