Because dandruff is a multifactorial process, current anti-dandruff formulations are presented in different ways and contain several cosmetic active principles to individually address each of the causes that It can be caused and alleviate its consequences. Active Ingredients* Antifungal. Inhibit the proliferation of microorganisms, especially against yeast Malassezia furfur.* cytostatic. Regulate cell renewal cycle of the scalp.* antiseborrheic. Normalize the secretion of the sebaceous glands.* keratolytic. Eliminate the accumulation of scalp flakes.* anti-itch. Relieve the itching and redness that accompany the processes of dandruff.Almost all the treatments include, as a first active ingredient of choice for treating dandruff, substances with antifungal activity. The chemical group most used is pyridinium sulfur derivatives such as zinc pyrithione ( ZPT ). These substances act primarily by inhibiting microbial proliferation;however, also have a certain cytostatic effect helps normalize keratinization process.
Other pyridinium derivative without cytostatic activity because it contains no sulfur in its molecule, is piroctone olamine. One of the advantages of this molecule compared to zinc pyrithione is its solubility in water, since it allows to include it in clear cosmetic formulations; ZPT whereas due to their low solubility in water, is formulated as a dispersion ( shampoos ) giving a milky white appearance to the product.
The climbazole is another effective anti-dandruff agent, family of azoles, whose activity is specifically antifungal. This substance acts selectively against pathogenic microorganisms, respecting the microbial flora of the scalp.
Accompanying these ingredients commonly incorporated into antidandruff formulations substances with keratolytic activity, antiseborrheic or antipruritic, for the purpose of improving the appearance of hair, sebum regulating secretions and relieve itching caused by the presence of dandruff. The salicylic acid along with some sulfur derivatives (colloidal sulfur, selenium sulfide ) are good exfoliating agents that facilitate the removal of flakes from the scalp.
Becoming less aggressive and more natural cosmetics are made, and, therefore, are being incorporated into the antidandruff formulations plant extracts that provide new antiseptic and healing properties, in addition to reducing the irritating properties of any of the active ingredients.
During the seventies and eighties, the derivatives of the pitch ( coal tar) were more plant components used in anti-dandruff formulations due to its proven effectiveness as cytostatic and antiseborrheic. At present, these ingredients are becoming obsolete because their safety is being evaluated. cosmetic Forms
Current treatments for dandruff combine the use of several complementary cosmetic products, which come in different forms cosmetic. Generally, to control the problem of dandruff, is sufficient use of a dandruff shampoo on a regular basis. Currently, new formulas have ceased to be aggressive shampoos and products have become that, besides including active ingredients that address the problem of dandruff, cosmetically cleaned and hair care, providing you soft, shiny and nutrition.
Despite being shampoo the cosmetic form most used, because of the convenience it represents two actions in a ( clean hair and dandruff control ) is recommended to supplement the treatment with anti-dandruff lotion hydroalcoholic for after washing, which contains a different active ingredient to shampoo. In lotions, high alcohol content facilitates the absorption of the active ingredients, in addition to providing the application a pleasant sensation of freshness due to the evaporation of the alcohol.
As most innovative product has been developed dandruff hair mask with exfoliating action, which provides the cosmetic properties of a conditioning mask ( shine, softness, nutrition ), in addition to the active ingredients that control the appearance of dandruff. Some practical tips
* To make the treatment more effective antidandruff recommended alternate using shampoos containing different active ingredients, thereby prevents the microorganisms are less sensitive to a particular active ingredient.
* During the application of shampoo is recommended to massage the scalp to remove dead cells and allow the product to sit for at least 5 minutes, thus allowing the active ingredients to be absorbed.
* The scalp massage should be done with the fingertips and never with a, since in these conditions the stratum corneum is thinner and could cause small injuries that aggravate the condition of the scalp.
* It is important, after the application of anti-dandruff shampoo, rinse your hair thoroughly to avoid leaving product residue that can cause itching and irritation on the scalp.