What are warts?
Warts are skin lesions that have different forms and affect different areas of the skin. Sometimes they are very difficult to eradicate multiplying and being a source of shame.
Warts are growths of the skin in different parts of the body. They do not usually produce pain although in certain cases they can be annoying, generate itching and be a source of embarrassment. Warts are produced by the so-called human papillomavirus and present various forms.
Types of warts
There are different types of warts depending on where they are located:
- Warts of common type, usually located mainly in the hands.
- Plantar type warts. They are those warts that are on the soles of the feet so they can be very painful and even prevent walking.
- Flat warts, those that appear on the face and forehead and that are usually more common in children than in adults.
- Subungual and periungual warts, which are manifested under or around the nail so they are sometimes quite difficult to eradicate.
- Filiform warts. They are born in the area of the eyelid and neck.
- Genital warts called condylomata. This type of warts appear in the genital organs and in the area of the pubis and the thighs, although it can also appear in the anal canal and the vagina.
Why do warts come out?
They are produced by the so-called human papilloma virus, of which there are many varieties. Genital warts are produced through sexual contact and are sometimes asymptomatic. In any case, these types of warts are not produced by contact with warts of the common type of hands or other parts of the body but by another variety of the human papillomavirus.. Common warts are easy to recognize because of their appearance, although in some cases it is necessary to extract a little of their tissue -biopsy- in order not to confuse it with other skin conditions.
How to remove Warts
To eliminate common warts there are numerous over-the-counter treatments in pharmacies that can be used by oneself. However, there are some types of warts that due to their location are especially resistant. This is the case of those under the nails so it is necessary to resort to specialists. In addition, the doctor can use stronger products such as podophyllin and salicylic acid to eradicate those that are more resistant.
Cryotherapy - by freezing - and electrocautery and laser are quite used methods with positive results. It is also used in some cases immunotherapy that is done by injecting a substance that generates allergy and thus activate the immune system.
In any case it is necessary to consider that these solutions are valid to eliminate warts of common type and not so-called genital warts for which it is necessary to consult a specialist because in many cases, they do not produce any symptomatology.