Orthognathic surgery is a set of surgical techniques aimed at correcting a bad dento-skeletal occlusion usually takes paired functional, aesthetic, foniátricos, swallowing and breathing problems.
Profiles need orthognathic surgery
Patients requiring orthognathic surgery are those with alterations in the size, position, symmetry and the angle of the jaw, with poor positioning of the teeth. All these factors influence the chewing, speech, swallowing, breathing and facial appearance. Importantly, all this can not be solved by placing orthodontic teeth well, so the solution lies in orthognathic surgery.
Benefits of orthognathic surgery
Thanks to orthognathic surgery is achieved restore facial harmony, symmetry and proportion of the face. Also, an improvement of nasal breathing occurs, and increased airspace naso and oropharyngeal can reduce or eliminate snoring and even sleep apnea.
Orthognathic surgery planning
It is important to make a good preoperative orthodontic planning, and work together so that everything is coordinated. In most cases there will be a pre and post surgery orthodontic preparation.
The digital planning the surgery is performed by the expert in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery with obtaining CT images of the skull (cranial TAC) which are then fused to the scanned images of the dental arches. This allows make surgical guides for 3D printing.
This accuracy is improved and surgical times are minimized. The hospital stay is minimized and thus the recovery is accelerating.
What is orthognathic surgery and what results are achieved
The accuracy and stability of osteotomies current osteosynthesis materials allow blocking not perform an intermaxillary. By having the ability to open the mouth, food intake is simplified from the first day.
They are cutting techniques jaws made through small incisions inside the mouth, allowing forward / backward, down / impact, expand and change the position of the jaws in the three axes of space.
These techniques is associated usually correction of nasal deformities (rhino-septoplasty) and a chin surgery to harmonize the facial set. It is also often practice a fatty filling peri-orbital and cheek areas, if the patient needs it.
Stabilizing expansions with continuous arc palatal bars and orthodontic surgery the following day can start early postoperative orthodontic treatment.
In many cases you can resume normal activity in about three weeks, so it's not a very aggressive intervention for the patient.