All you need to know about a replacement prosthesis

Written by: Dr. Lluís Puig Verdié
Published:
Edited by: Top Doctors®

Unfortunately, prostheses that are placed on the joints do not last a lifetime; whether hip, knee or shoulder prosthesis. Despite advances in manufacturing and improvement of the materials used, experts in Traumatology estimate that after 15 or 20 years of being implanted prostheses must be changed. Why? Because friction areas of the implants degrade and generate small particles that slowly dissolve the bone that supports the prosthesis. In these cases, the implants must be replaced.

replacement prosthesis

Causes of prosthesis infection

The skin of humans colonized by bacteria is. During surgery it is possible that one of these bacteria reach contact with the prosthesis. Bacteria are able to engage very solid metal (adhesion) form and multiply forming biofilms. To avoid this situation, preoperatively to patients antibiotics administered intravenously and the skin is decontaminated with antiseptics. Nevertheless, it is estimated that 1% of all surgeries can be infected prosthesis.

 

Complications of prosthetic replacement surgery

When a surgeon operates a replacement prosthesis faces three major problems that do not appear in a first prosthesis surgery.

  • Remove the prosthesis. In many cases it can be very anchored in the bone
  • Solving bone loss
  • Balance the soft tissues (ligaments and tendons)

Currently, it has a modular prosthetic implants arsenal that are assembled in the same surgical procedure, which allows to solve these problems.

 

Care after replacement prosthesis

The replacement prosthesis is a complex surgical situation, but postoperative usually not very different from what is done after primary surgery. Moreover, in many cases, being more constrained prosthesis, ie, that do not require the patient to operate ligaments, patients once they sense a high security operated leg. This facilitates the recovery period.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Lluís Puig Verdié
Orthopaedic Surgery

Dr. Lluís Puig Verdié is Section Chief of Pathology Septic and locomotor apparatus in Traumatic Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology of the famous Parc de Salut MAR hospital, is also a member of the Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology Dr. Chiron in Barcelona, prestigious private hospital in Barcelona. The combination of academic qualifications of Dr. Puig Verdié, with his professional experience makes it one of the best professionals in their field, why it has been awarded on numerous occasions. On the other hand, it is a regular speaker at conferences related to their specialty and vice president of the Catalan Society of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology (SCCOT). Dr. Puig Verdié specializes in knee replacement surgery and hip, as well as post-surgical prostheses due to infections; in addition to his practice, he is an associate professor at the Autonomous University of Barcelona and professor guest of several Spanish and foreign universities.

 

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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