According to specialists in Traumatology , shoulder arthroscopy is a surgery in which a small camera, called the arthroscope, is used to examine or repair the tissues located inside or around the shoulder joint.
Usually, general anesthesia is applied to the patient before performing the arthroscopy, so that he is unconscious and does not feel pain.
What is shoulder arthroscopy?
During the procedure, the surgeon inserts the arthroscope into the shoulder through a small inquisition. This arthroscope is in turn connected to a video monitor in the operating room.
The surgeon then inspects all the tissues of the shoulder joint: cartilage, bones, tendons, and ligaments.
After performing this inspection, the surgeon proceeds to repair any damaged tissue. For this, between 1 and 3 incisions, smaller than the first, are made to allow other instruments to be inserted.
Arthroscopy repairs a tear in a muscle, tendon or cartilage, and removes any damaged tissue.
Treatments that addresses shoulder arthroscopy
- Surgery for pinch syndrome: clean damaged or inflamed tissue in the area. It is possible to shave on the bottom of a bone called acromion. A bone spur in the lower part of the acromion often causes a pinch, causing swelling and pain in the shoulder.
- Surgery for shoulder instability: repair of the glenoid impost, that is, the cartilage that covers the edge of the shoulder joint, as well as the ligaments that are attached to this area.
- Bankart lesion: is a rupture in the glenoid impost, lower area of the shoulder.
Differences between arthroscopy and conventional surgery
For some years now, knee arthroscopy has become the most accurate and effective alternative to traditional surgery. Arthroscopy is used in the specialty of Orthopedic Traumatology and Surgery, the main interventions being: meniscus surgery, reconstruction of cruciate ligaments, hip arthroscopy, shoulder arthroscopy.
The arthroscope has been known since 1932, when Japanese physician Kenji Takagi developed an instrument to see the joints from within, inspired by one used to visualize the gallbladder. This technique was popularized at the end of the SXX, when technological advances in cameras were increasing, being the cameras smaller and allowing the improvement of the arthroscopy.
Advantage of arthroscopy
Carrying out arthroscopy does not require traditional approaches. It is a minimally invasive technique, with an average day's hospital stay and a much faster recovery.