Todo lo que debe saber sobre la artroscopia de hombro

Written by: Dr. Juan José Oliver Canillas
Published: | Updated: 30/10/2018
Edited by: Top Doctors®


According to specialists in Traumatology , shoulder arthroscopy is a surgery in which a small camera, called the arthroscope, is used to examine or repair the tissues located inside or around the shoulder joint.

Usually, general anesthesia is applied to the patient before performing the arthroscopy, so that he is unconscious and does not feel pain.


There are different treatments in the approach of shoulder arthroscopy


What is shoulder arthroscopy?

During the procedure, the surgeon inserts the arthroscope into the shoulder through a small inquisition. This arthroscope is in turn connected to a video monitor in the operating room.

The surgeon then inspects all the tissues of the shoulder joint: cartilage, bones, tendons, and ligaments.

After performing this inspection, the surgeon proceeds to repair any damaged tissue. For this, between 1 and 3 incisions, smaller than the first, are made to allow other instruments to be inserted.

Arthroscopy repairs a tear in a muscle, tendon or cartilage, and removes any damaged tissue.


Treatments that addresses shoulder arthroscopy 

  • Surgery for pinch syndrome: clean damaged or inflamed tissue in the area. It is possible to shave on the bottom of a bone called acromion. A bone spur in the lower part of the acromion often causes a pinch, causing swelling and pain in the shoulder. 
  • Surgery for shoulder instability: repair of the glenoid impost, that is, the cartilage that covers the edge of the shoulder joint, as well as the ligaments that are attached to this area. 
  • Bankart lesion: is a rupture in the glenoid impost, lower area of ​​the shoulder.


Differences between arthroscopy and conventional surgery

For some years now, knee arthroscopy has become the most accurate and effective alternative to traditional surgery. Arthroscopy is used in the specialty of Orthopedic Traumatology and Surgery, the main interventions being: meniscus surgery, reconstruction of cruciate ligaments, hip arthroscopy, shoulder arthroscopy.

The arthroscope has been known since 1932, when Japanese physician Kenji Takagi developed an instrument to see the joints from within, inspired by one used to visualize the gallbladder. This technique was popularized at the end of the SXX, when technological advances in cameras were increasing, being the cameras smaller and allowing the improvement of the arthroscopy.


Advantage of arthroscopy

Carrying out arthroscopy does not require traditional approaches. It is a minimally invasive technique, with an average day's hospital stay and a much faster recovery.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection
Dr. Juan José Oliver Canillas

By Dr. Juan José Oliver Canillas
Orthopaedic Surgery

Dr. Oliver Canillas holds a degree in Medicine and Surgery from the University of Málaga and a renowned specialist in Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology. He currently has his own private practice and develops his professional work in the field of private medicine. Specialist in Surgery 'Navigated' knee, has participated in numerous round tables and congresses of the specialty.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection