Thoughts, impulses or images that are spontaneous and difficult to avoid, discomfort with what is happening, and conducting behaviors to alleviate this anxiety are just a few of the symptoms that may show that OCD is an Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.
The habitual obsessions of a person who suffers it would be four. Among them, the obsession to occur a misfortune. The person suffering from OCD imagines that some misfortune may occur to himself or to someone close to him, he is shown continuous images of situations of misfortune. Usually, in this situation, there is a considerable increase in anxiety, which the person tries to reduce with the performance of certain behaviors to achieve relief of such anxiety, although only temporary. These behaviors are called compulsions, a behavior that neutralizes the effect of obsession and that when carried out the person feels that he has control of the situation, at least in the short term.
On the other hand, there would be the obsession to hurt yourself or others. Here the subject imagines losing control, assaulting someone or himself. They are often people who are overly careful not to hurt, and who take responsibility for the problems of others. It is also common to meet people who fear external disapproval and rejection for having done something unacceptable. The compulsion here would be to avoid places or people where they believe that they are more likely to do what they think.
In addition, there is also the obsession with disease or filth , in which the subject fears contracting a disease because of contamination with certain substances or products. This leads you to develop hygienic habits exaggerated and suffer great discomfort if you can not get them to perform for some reason.
Finally, the obsession with death or why we live. Recurring thoughts about life, the meaning of being alive or what is there after death. The person is obsessed with finding an answer and, when he does not have it, he enters a loop of anxiety and anguish from which it is difficult for him to leave. In addition, OCD sufferers also have thoughts like feeling different by believing that others never get this kind of thinking through their heads.
What should be avoided to a greater extent to alleviate the effects of OCD are compulsions. The reason is that the compulsion or behavior that is done to alleviate anxiety makes reinforce the idea that the person has resorted to it to avoid what his imaginations showed him. Thus, the more one avoids confronting what is feared to occur, the more one believes in it and, in the long run, the more anxiety it causes.
Treatment of OCD
As a possible treatment there is Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, which has had very good results in treating this disorder. As a basic symptom of people who develop OCD there is a great need for control, very rigid thinking, high anxiety in their lives, excessive concern for being careful, responsible, good at what they do, exaggerated perfectionism, very rigid ideas About how things should be or, what is the same, difficulty to relativize.
Therefore, the therapy is not only directed to the techniques to control compulsions or obsessions, but also to do an exhaustive work to intervene in the subject's way of thinking, the beliefs he has about the world, and how he relates with this.
For more information consult a psychologist .