Breast augmentation is a surgical procedure to enhance the size and shape of the breast of women through the introduction of a prosthesis. This is done primarily to improve the silhouette of women with underdeveloped breasts, to correct the gap and fall of the breast that occur after pregnancy, and to correct differences in size between the two breasts.
To perform a breast augmentation, it is generally ask is complete glandular growth and the patient has reached the age of majority. Sometimes, when it comes to congenital malformations or severe breast asymmetries you can operate before.
Preparation for operation breast augmentation
Before performing the operation, in consultation the size and shape of the prosthesis to be implanted is evaluated, taking into account the size of the existing breast and anatomical characteristics. possible surgical techniques, the laying plane of prostheses and surgical approaches will also be studied to introduce implants. Always a general health examination is performed.
Types of prostheses for breast augmentation
There prostheses of different sizes, shapes, surfaces and fillers, and the final choice of implant will be taken jointly by the surgeon and the patient, always considering the anatomical characteristics of your breasts and chest.
Prostheses most used, whether round or anatomical, are the silicone gel with a rough surface.
The latest generations of implants are Cohesive silicone gel, which means that silicone is not liquid, so a rupture does not penetrate the tissues.
As for the incisions will depend on the preferences of the patient and the surgeon 's discretion. Intervention can be performed through a small incision that is placed at the bottom of the areola, in the groove under the breast or armpit.
The incision always be designed so that the resulting scar as invisible as possible.
Furthermore, the breast implant can be placed in different anatomical planes with respect to the gland and the pectoral muscle (subglandular, submuscular, dual plane, subfascial), and their choice will depend on the anatomy of the breast, as well as patient preferences and surgeon.
Breast augmentation operation
Breast surgery is usually performed under local anesthesia and sedation or general anesthesia; usually lasts between 1 and 2 hours, depending on the type of anesthesia. Generally you do not need hospitalization.
After surgery, generally nonabsorbable sutures are commonly used and usually not necessary to remove the stitches; depending on the activity carried out by the patient, you can do almost normal life at 24-48 hours and return to work within a few days.
Risks of breast augmentation operation
The breast augmentation surgery is a safe, provided it is done by a plastic surgeon qualified, and the incidence of complications is low.
The most common complications are often bleeding, infection and capsular contracture; if they occur, they are usually resolved in a satisfactory manner for the patient.
The results after breast augmentation tend to be very satisfactory for the patient, not only in physical appearance but also often improving their self - esteem and security.