Consultations for alopecia or hair loss are very common in the daily practice of dermatologist. Alopecia is hair loss that previously existed and that does not grow back.
Types of alopecia
In simplified form, you can be classified types of alopecia in two groups:
- Non - scarring alopecia: alopecia are reversible, such as alopecia areata or telogen effluvium alopecia, among others.
- Scarring alopecia: they are irreversible. They occur as a result of intense attacks on the hair follicle as infections, burns, skin diseases (lupus erythematosus, lichen planus, etc ...).
The most common is androgenetic alopecia areata. This is a type of alopecia in a miniaturization of the hair follicles occurs resulting from an increased sensitivity to circulating androgens, genetically determined. In men it manifests after puberty, with a regression of the hairline hair on the forehead and crown. In women a diffuse hair loss is not usually become total appears.
Treatment for alopecia
There are many treatments available for alopecia. It is important to avoid those that are advertised as "miracle treatments" and use suitable drugs for each type of alopecia, in order to stop the progression of this and sometimes, increase hair growth.
The treatments most used are topical minoxidil, finasteride via oral vitamins (especially B6), zinc aspartate, cystine, immunosuppressive medications, irritants like diphencyprone and anxiolytics, among others. Stress influences alopecia, so it is essential that the patient remains calm.
It notes that the dermatologist is the right specialist to make an early diagnosis. Also, to advise on the appropriate treatment of alopecia in each patient, always individually.
DR. JAVIER BASSAS BRESCADRA. PATRICIA BASSAS FREIXAS
Edited by Noelia García Pino