The human body is composed of different tissues like bone, tendons, ligaments, muscles, etc.. Mesenchymal stem cells are a subset of cells in the body that have the ability to transform into cells of different tissues.
Obtaining stem cells
Stem cells can be obtained mainly fat or bone marrow. Use in traumatology may be indicated as adjunctive therapy in those processes in which regeneration or tissue healing is required:
- Cartilage injuries and menisci.
- Avascular necrosis Bone in early stages
- bone lesions
- Injuries ligaments and tendons
Treatment of diseases with stem cells
The stem cell therapy is a major revolution against existing treatments for their ability to regenerate damaged .In cases of cartilaginous tissues and meniscal tissue, the stem cells even allow increasing density or cartilage volume meniscal tissue and most importantly, help decrease pain and improve joint mobility and functionality.
Therefore, treatment with stem cells constitutes a valid alternative in young patients enabling the continuity of the sport and in elderly patients, is an alternative to the implantation of a prosthesis.
Has now been developed a novel technique which involves implanting intrarticularmente adult mesenchymal cells obtained after abdominal fat make a lipoaspirate.This technique is generally performed on an outpatient basis under local anesthesia, so in most cases can even return to work the same day of surgery.However, it is recommended to supplement this treatment with injections of growth factors such as platelet-rich plasma, as these factors stimulate the growth of new cells.Although the treated joint usually the knee, has also been used in other joints achieving excellent results.