We called accommodation of sight to the changes that occur in the eye to allow focusing at different distances in which objects are presented that look. The accommodation is made in a part of the eye called the lens and is a lens that changes its approach so we can see well from afar, up close and at all distances. At age 15 the ability to focus the lens is perfect and we can get very close objects and view them with extraordinary clarity. From that age the lens begins to age and with each passing year, we have to move the objects to see them more clearly.
Main problems or pathologies related to vision accommodation
From 45 years we have to move both objects to see them costing well lengthen the arm. At this point the ability to focus the lens has deteriorated so much that does not allow easy reading. This problem is called eyestrain or presbyopia (Greek = elder). This is the main problem of accommodation; happens to all people, it is a matter of growing. Other problems of accommodation are much less frequent.
Treatment of problems of accommodation, eyestrain or presbyopia
The initial treatment of the problems of accommodation (presbyopia) are reading glasses. When we tried reading glasses amazes us great recovery that is experienced and, although many businesses can solve this problem, it is important to review with the specialist in ophthalmology to rule out other diseases.
Approaching light, increase letter on mobile and computer or replace the book tablet can reduce the effects of presbyopia. In the mobile we have interesting apps like flashlight or magnifying glass we can pull through. If you already using glasses for distance vision will need to start using progressive lenses.
When surgery is used in problems of accommodation
Surgery arises in those where the glasses are not an appropriate option for work or personal reasons. There are numerous situations in which the correction with glasses or contact lenses are not a good solution, as in patients with manual work in the glasses fog up or get dirty, work with the public in which the look without glasses is important. Many people do not adapt to having to wear glasses; is not the same use presbyopic glasses to wear glasses at age 15. If Goggles starts young one creates a personal image with glasses, but this is not so easy at 45 years, so many people fail to get used to this profound change in personal image. The expert ophthalmologist presbyopia will advise the most suitable technique appropriate after an extensive exploration. There are two essential techniques, combined multifocal vision and vision. In the multifocal vision we replace the aged by an artificial lens to focus at all distances crystalline. In the combined vision we use a natural phenomenon, ocular dominance to enhance near and far vision in each eye separately.
Results of surgery for accommodating problems of sight
95% of the patients we operate return to surgery, are very satisfied with the result and would recommend to their families.