The reconstruction of the skin after a burn is possible using different techniques. The most used is partial grafting skin from the patient, although in recent years there dermal regenerators.
Depending on the depth of the burn, the skin will regenerate itself from the skin appendages. If they are damaged, it is necessary to cover the burn with a skin substitute. Although the most used in plastic surgery are skin grafts from the patient part, for 15 years there dermal regenerators that help to rebuild the dermal part of the skin, which is important because it provides elasticity, strength and quality of the skin. This reconstruction technique used burns burned cosmetic functionally important areas, and also in the treatment of sequelae of burns.
When someone suffers a burn, the effects that occur in the skin caused by the loss of the properties of this. Therefore, what the surgeon is trying to retrieve those properties through a new skin coverage replacing the injured skin. This coverage can be temporary or permanent. The temporary coverage are temporary dressings or skin substitutes, until it heals the 2nd area burned by intention or by the use of autografts, skin regenerators or skin cultures, when the burn is more serious and can not be cured by 2nd intention.
Reconstruction techniques burns
Different reconstruction techniques burns.
- Skin autograft: The most used technique. It is to obtain skin grafts from the patient. The downside is that these grafts leave a small scar in the area where are obtained.
If the burn is so deep that no remains of dermis or fat and has exposure of tendons, bone or cosmetic areas, you must resort to other reconstruction techniques burns.
- Dermal regenerator is a type of material developed by bioengineering tissue it helps the body regenerate very similar to the original dermis.
- Classical reconstructive surgery: based on the use of flaps of tissue that can be free and require microsurgical and pedicled island, based on a vascular pedicle.
The duration of the reconstruction process depends on the initial complexity.
Aftercare to the reconstruction of a burn
On the one hand, be carried out local care, care consisting of scars, moisturizing creams that regulate healing as Rosehip, silicones and acupressure. On the other hand, it is essential in many cases make a good therapy and physiotherapy rehabilitation for physical and functional recovery of the patients.