Both in literature and in the children 's series have created characters that meet the characteristics of children with disorder Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) attending the consultation of the neurologist , as like Bart Simpson, Shin-Chan or Pippi Longstocking, whose behaviors are out of what is considered "normal".
Many parents and educators tend to think that these children who do not meet proper behavior do not have a disorder, but they are naughty, lazy, bad students, difficult, etc.. This prejudice against the ignorance of ADHD can affect the child both at present and in the future.
Causes of ADHD
One of the causes of ADHD are subtle anatomical and functional abnormalities, especially in the orbitofrontal cortex (determined by the presence of instability in temperament), which make a child get carried away more easily by other guys who provoke or challenge to make mischief but, to the disappointment of these acts, to react with emotional outbursts as outbursts of anger, insults, beating others, oppositional or crying spells.
There is also insufficient development in the orbitofrontal brain anterior cingulate, temporal cortex, dorsolateral and leading to a lack of ability to use working memory and the notion of temporality, necessary for the construction of the biographical memory consolidates identity and self-knowledge and allows conceptualizing emotions. Because of this absence, a child with ADHD tend to get annoying visceral sensations, self-reproach, chronic dissatisfaction, apathy or phases of depressive mood.
The characters mentioned above usually have these characteristics of ADHD: restless, mischievous rocking in the chairs, ignore, attract attention at family gatherings, do not stop talking and discussing, are throwing everything in its path, etc.
Also, another symptom is trying to avoid responsibility as going to school or help with household chores. It uses various excuses such as stomachache or headache, questioning why he has to go to school, a child, among other attitudes that "exhaust" the parents and make them accumulate feelings of helplessness, frustration and rage.
Parents of children with ADHD
Some of the most frequent complaints of parents of a child with ADHD is that always quarreling, no attention or interest, is a clueless or is just in your things, as focus their attention and keep it is one of the problems more urgent boys with ADHD. These together with those of teachers complaints can cause a crack in the relationship between the child and his family, which can carry a poor prognosis of children with ADHD is not treated on time.
How a child with ADHD feel
Children with ADHD tend to have very low self esteem because they bring so many conflicting situations at home, at school, in their environment in general, which are the subject of reproaches and blows both in their social environment and family.
Between seven and ten years, the family, school and community, children deliver standards, values and principles that gradually internalized as their own, and the limits that aim to protect and / or promote proper socialization.
However, for all this to work this is not enough, it also depends on the socio-emotional maturity of the child. An impulsive child who does not reflect and fails to learn from their mistakes and draw conclusions is a guy who will take greatly to acquire a firm and consistent body of moral and social values.
In children with ADHD, it is said that their control is external, they have not internalized the values and norms and thus can not regulate their conduct socially, which is arrogant and challenging to mask their self-devaluation.
Consequences of ADHD
There are a number of behaviors that bear the hallmark of ADHD and if get complicated, more and more associated with anxiety symptoms. Anxiety can be seen in the unbridled form that acts regarding everyday situations, and are expressed at two different levels:
- Psychological: phobias, obsessive ideas, oppositional, stubbornness, contradiction.
- Somatic: hyperthermia, algias (pain in certain areas), headaches, respiratory allergies or skin diarrhea, food intolerances and even neurohormonal imbalances.
Also, all these processes break the child's relationship with his family and home environment reach a critical point when the boy reaches puberty and adolescence. This step causes an imbalance in boys their even greater emotional self-regulation, increasing anxiety than boys channeled through television, video games, talk forever by phone or chat, challenge, drugs or alcohol, etc.
"ADHD does not exist"
Often come out in the media not skilled people, sometimes health professionals not specialized in the problem, teachers and even school counselors, who say that ADHD does not exist is an invention of American psychiatry. These uninformed people do great harm to these children and these families and can cause many of them to stop the treatments.
It is demonstrated not only that ADHD exists and is of the best known pathologies of medicine and having a more effective treatment, but it is still a long road to be traveled for this disease is no longer the great unknown medicine and stop being denied.