Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) - formerly known as attention deficit disorder or ADD - is a fairly frequent behavioral disorder that originates in childhood. It is estimated that 8 to 10% of children of school age currently suffer.
ADHD, initial symptoms
In general, the first symptoms that are detected in young children is a high level of hyperactivity and motor restlessness. This can cause learning problems and difficulties in social relationships with children of the same age. On other occasions, what is perceived is a large attention deficit, which affects the same difficulties. The third option is the existence of very high levels of impulsivity that generate behavioral problems and / or aggressiveness.
Although ADHD is a problem with which it is born, in most cases this disorder is not evident until the children begin the first years of schooling. Although in the most extreme cases we can see difficulties from 3-4 years, it is usual to begin to detect them from 6-7 years, to present problems in school performance.
Determinants that predispose children to develop ADHD
The main conditioning factor for the development of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is genetics. ADHD is the neurological disorder with greater heritability: up to 70% of people who suffer from it have a first degree relative who also suffers. 50% of siblings or parents also suffer. In addition, there are other environmental factors that are related to pregnancy and childbirth, such as alcohol and / or tobacco consumption, prematurity and low birth weight.
Initial treatment for children with the first symptoms of ADHD
There are different treatments available to treat ADHD, which one to use depends on the age and the level of intensity of the problem. If the child is below 6 years and the difficulties that are causing are not very important, it is recommended to start the process by a non-pharmacological therapy, that is, to include behavioral, psychological and educational intervention. On the other hand, if the difficulties are more intense or it has already passed the age of 6, it is usually necessary to include a pharmacological intervention that helps to normalize the neuronal processes. Only then can the rest of therapy be effective.