ADHD: How to Spot Early Symptoms

Written by: Dr. Manuel Antonio Fernández Fernández
Edited by: Top Doctors®

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) - formerly known as attention deficit disorder or ADD - is a fairly frequent behavioral disorder that originates in childhood. It is estimated that 8 to 10% of children of school age currently suffer.


ADHD, initial symptoms

In general, the first symptoms that are detected in young children is a high level of hyperactivity and motor restlessness. This can cause learning problems and difficulties in social relationships with children of the same age. On other occasions, what is perceived is a large attention deficit, which affects the same difficulties. The third option is the existence of very high levels of impulsivity that generate behavioral problems and / or aggressiveness.



Although ADHD is a problem with which it is born, in most cases this disorder is not evident until the children begin the first years of schooling. Although in the most extreme cases we can see difficulties from 3-4 years, it is usual to begin to detect them from 6-7 years, to present problems in school performance.


Determinants that predispose children to develop ADHD

The main conditioning factor for the development of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is genetics. ADHD is the neurological disorder with greater heritability: up to 70% of people who suffer from it have a first degree relative who also suffers. 50% of siblings or parents also suffer. In addition, there are other environmental factors that are related to pregnancy and childbirth, such as alcohol and / or tobacco consumption, prematurity and low birth weight.


Initial treatment for children with the first symptoms of ADHD

There are different treatments available to treat ADHD, which one to use depends on the age and the level of intensity of the problem. If the child is below 6 years and the difficulties that are causing are not very important, it is recommended to start the process by a non-pharmacological therapy, that is, to include behavioral, psychological and educational intervention. On the other hand, if the difficulties are more intense or it has already passed the age of 6, it is usually necessary to include a pharmacological intervention that helps to normalize the neuronal processes. Only then can the rest of therapy be effective.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Manuel Antonio Fernández Fernández

Dr. Fernández Fernández is P ediatra specialist in Pediatric Neurology, an expert in the treatment of ISORDERS of ta withduc and learning disorders. With over 10 years experience, he is currently oordinador c Area of Pediatric Neurology of the Andalusian Institute of Pediatric Neurology and ADHD Group of the European Society of Pediatric Neurology. During his long career he has published several articles in scientific journals Pediatric Neurology, Neuropsychology and developmental disorders.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

View Profile

Overall assessment of their patients

TOPDOCTORS utiliza cookies propias y de terceros para facilitar su experiencia como usuario de nuestra web y captar datos estadísticos mediante el análisis de sus datos de navegación. Si usted continúa con la navegación, entendemos que nos ofrece su consentimiento para el uso de cookies. Puede cambiar la configuración de cookies u obtener más información here.