About ADHD ...

Written by: Dr. Juan Antonio Cruz Velarde
Edited by: Top Doctors®

ADHD or Attention Deficit Disorder and Hyperactivity is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects these areas and significant impact on the family, school and workplace.

It is produced by a maturational delay in certain functions of the prefrontal cortex and its connections with other brain areas responsible for these functions.

ADHD is diagnosed after specialist Neurology has ruled out other neurological and medical secondary causes that may manifest with these symptoms. Also, it is a clinical and multidimensional, not categorical diagnosis as to move in the maturational and functional disorders there is a gradation between pathological and normal.

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ADHD adults

ADHD can also affect adults. Generally, the disorder is present since childhood, but then did not generate problems for levity or adaptive capacity of the patient. As early adulthood, ADHD before new cognitive and the need to adapt to new personal or business changes that require extra effort needs becomes apparent.

In the diagnosis of ADHD in adulthood it is also necessary to rule out other medical and non - medical secondary causes that can generate similar symptoms.


ADHD symptoms

The main symptoms of ADHD are sustained or selective or divided attention, hyperactivity, impulsiveness, difficulty adapting to new situations and demands, frustration, poor tolerance to change, sluggish cognitive tempo, and emotional and / or adaptive behavior, among others.


ADHD treatments

ADHD should be personalized, always based on the most affected areas. It is necessary to prioritize treatments and evaluate psychological, educational psychology, psychomotor aspects, among others, as well as giving stimulant or non-stimulant drug support, always in a multidisciplinary and dynamic context, adapting to the patient's progress over time.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Juan Antonio Cruz Velarde

Dr. Cruz Velarde completed his training in Neurology at the Gregorio Marañón Hospital in Madrid in 2000 and completed his training in Care Management and Quality at the Pompeu Fabra University in Barcelona. He is an expert in the study and treatment of cognitive impairment and problems of childhood learning and ADHD (children over 5 years). He has developed and worked in different Assistance Programs in the private health insurance sector in Madrid (Sanitas) in the children, cerebrovascular and geriatric care areas. Work experience with assistance networks and scientific methodology for assessment and evaluation of health technologies. Training in child neurodevelopment and learning and behavior disorders. Neurometabolism. Neuropsychology and Cognitive Stimulation. Integrates non-pharmacological therapies such as behavioral optometry, central auditory processing, Padovan, Laterality Development, Sensorial Integration, Ortomolecular Therapy, Neurogenetics, Neurofeedback and Neurorehabilitation. He is currently Director of Neuronae, Institute of Functional Neurobiology in Madrid, where he integrates neurometabolic aspects and neurophysiological studies of the main neurological syndromes and works in the care network with different centers of reference in neurological treatments at a national level.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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