ADHD or Attention Deficit Disorder and Hyperactivity is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects these areas and significant impact on the family, school and workplace.
It is produced by a maturational delay in certain functions of the prefrontal cortex and its connections with other brain areas responsible for these functions.
ADHD is diagnosed after specialist Neurology has ruled out other neurological and medical secondary causes that may manifest with these symptoms. Also, it is a clinical and multidimensional, not categorical diagnosis as to move in the maturational and functional disorders there is a gradation between pathological and normal.
ADHD can also affect adults. Generally, the disorder is present since childhood, but then did not generate problems for levity or adaptive capacity of the patient. As early adulthood, ADHD before new cognitive and the need to adapt to new personal or business changes that require extra effort needs becomes apparent.
In the diagnosis of ADHD in adulthood it is also necessary to rule out other medical and non - medical secondary causes that can generate similar symptoms.
The main symptoms of ADHD are sustained or selective or divided attention, hyperactivity, impulsiveness, difficulty adapting to new situations and demands, frustration, poor tolerance to change, sluggish cognitive tempo, and emotional and / or adaptive behavior, among others.
ADHD should be personalized, always based on the most affected areas. It is necessary to prioritize treatments and evaluate psychological, educational psychology, psychomotor aspects, among others, as well as giving stimulant or non-stimulant drug support, always in a multidisciplinary and dynamic context, adapting to the patient's progress over time.