Specialists otorrinolaringólos explain that sinusitis is the inflammatory response of the mucosa or soft tissue of the nose or facial bone cavities, sinuses. This inflammation may be due to an infection by bacteria, viruses or fungi, or an allergy attack or for both reasons.
What is sinusitis?
The sinuses are cavities found in both sides of the nose and cheeks, behind and between the eyes, forehead and behind the nasal cavity. As in the nose they are covered with a thin tissue or mucous membrane. And its function is to clean and filter the air when you breathe. In these cavities there are some mucus, called cilia. But sometimes, the mucosa becomes inflamed. That's when the sinusitis, rhinosinusitis, or both occurs.
Inflammation of the membranes in the cavities of the face is produced by accumulating too much mucus, and blocked. The cause may be bacteria and other microorganisms.
These are the situations that cause sinusitis:
- Cilia (hairs that filter the air in these cavities or sinuses) do not work properly and do not take mucus
- Colds and allergies may cause too much mucus production or block the opening of the sinuses.
- A deviated nasal septum or nasal polyps may block the opening of the sinuses.
How do you know that I suffer from sinusitis?
The symptoms of sinusitis often occur after a cold that does not improve or worsens after a few days or a week. One of the main symptoms are
- Headaches or head
- Runny, usually greenish
- Cough, often worse at night
- Feeling tired
- Bad breath
- Loss of smell
If you notice any of these symptoms and with a duration of about one week should see your physician to assess it, can diagnose and to treat sinusitis before any complications occur more severe.
The ENT specialist is indicated in this case, he ala explore and determine whether further tests to make a correct diagnosis. If he sees fit prescribe a Tac (CT) of the sinuses. Once confirmed this pathology will send the treatment deemed necessary.
The doctor will prescribe drugs which likely includes specific antibiotics, abundant nasal lavage with saline solution or sea water, drink plenty of liquids, aerosols and performed to relieve symptoms. In severe cases, surgery may be recommended after not finding relief after medical treatments.
It is important to remember that is the only ENT specialist to treat this disease, make an appointment if you have questions about their condition.