Although the endometrium is a tissue that lines the inside of a woman's uterus, endometriosis is a complex, chronic, and hormone-dependent disease whose causes are unknown. It usually appears in the ovaries , the uterus , the digestive tract or in the area between the rectum or vagina, and in more rare locations such as wounds, and accompanies the woman during her fertile and hormonal stage.
Symptoms of endometriosis
Endometriosis is a relatively frequent disease that can affect any woman and that manifests predominantly in the reproductive age during the time that has the rule. It affects about 15% of women .
The symptoms are usually related to the menstrual cycle , such as pain with the rule or having sex and even when defecating, significantly altering the quality of life of the woman. This hinders fertility and conditions work absenteeism. Pain intensity does not correlate with the extent or severity of the disease, as some women with advanced disease have few symptoms.
Treatment of endometriosis
An early diagnosis of endometriosis is basic because it offers a greater guarantee of being able to preserve fertility , improve or eliminate pain as soon as possible and minimize side effects.. The treatment is a combination of surgery and hormonal treatments .
The surgery, which is usually performed by laparoscopy, minimally invasive technique, allows a hospital stay and a faster recovery than conventional open surgery, and also allows to resume normal activity very quickly.
Management by expert teams is essential, generally multidisciplinary (specialists in reproduction, digestive and urological surgery , laparoscopic gynecologists ), to ensure the best results with the least number of interventions and side effects.