According to specialists in dentistry , the best age to begin the first visits to the dentist is from 4 years, and every 6 months reviews should be conducted. No need to worry about dental imperfections of children 3-4 years, since they are under development.
It is from the age of 6, when milk teeth are replaced by the final, which begins to matter the bad positioning. Generally, the main reason why the teeth are too far apart it is due to growth of jaw.
The dental crowding is another problem, not only aesthetic but also health since it difficult to maintain proper hygiene.
- Brackets: used to troubleshoot spaces in the mouth, either by over-crowding or separate pieces.
- Invisalign technique: to correct small problems of poor positioning through transparent splints. It is a more aesthetic than brackets treatment.
- Invisible orthodontics (Incognito or Win): custom brackets are located on the lingual or palatal surface of the tooth, so do not look when the patient smiles.
Differences between child and adult orthodontics orthodontics
In general, the main difference between child and adult orthodontics is the second addition to worrying about the functionality is also concerned with aesthetics. As for the first, treatments are focused on the correct tooth eruption, correction of bone structures and placement of permanent teeth.
- Usually corrective or interceptive orthodontics.
- In children is usually not combine with other orthodontic treatments.
- The most commonly used treatments are functional orthopedic appliances, metal braces and Invisalign Teen (for teenagers)
- Works on permanent teeth. Before treatment is necessary for periodontists, implantologists and orthodontists assess the case.
- The techniques used are the lingual orthodontics, Invisalign and sapphire brackets.
Tips hygiene in orthodontics
- Use a suitable brush, preferably soft or medium consistency. There are specific brushes for orthodontics. On the other hand, we recommend using interproximal brushes to remove food debris.
- Use specific dental floss.
- Make a correct brushing, with vertical movements beginning with the root of the tooth to avoid damaging the gums. We must be careful not to make sudden movements that may damage the braces.
- Increase the frequency of brushing.
- Changing the way we eat some foods such as apples and pears, dividing them.
- Avoid eating certain foods such as candy, gum or nuts.
- Wear protective wax.