When we talk about skin spots we refer to alterations in localized areas uniform color.
There are two main types of skin blemishes:
- Hyperchromic or stains darker than our skin color. They appear greater concentration of melanin in a particular area. We differentiate between Solar Letingo and melasma.
- The hypochromic, shown in spots with a lighter shade than our skin tone. Shown by a lower concentration of melanin.
Types of skin spots
Within the darkest spots on the skin (hipercrómicas) found the Letingos, which are produced by the skin aging and exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun. They usually appear after age 40.
On the other side are the melasma, which are not associated with skin aging but the combination of sun exposure with hormonal changes like those in pregnancy, taking birth control, or taking drugs such as antibiotics , antiacne, diuretics, etc.
How to prevent staining associated with sun exposure
The spots associated with sun exposure appear in the most exposed areas like the face (especially cheeks, forehead or upper lip), hands, shoulders or arms. It is important that we take care of these areas with some guidelines:
- Use at least a 50 SPF cream. You need to apply it every two hours, and in case of sweating, bathing or dry off with a towel, we must return it to apply.
- Use a cream with vitamin C at night. This vitamin contains antioxidants, collagen provides the skin, nourishes and preserves.
- In addition, also at night, use skin lightening creams on the spots.
- Follow a diet rich in foods with Vitamin C photoresists and carotenes. Examples include tomatoes, green vegetables, carrots, green tea, oranges, strawberries, fatty fish, etc.
- Take an oral supplement to protect the skin from within. It also facilitates the tan with less sun exposure.
- After the holidays is convenient to do (always in consultation) a refreshing and moisturizing peeling, facial vitamins, platelet factors (PRP) and a depigmentation treatment -if you already have spots.
We must remember that protection from the sun is not just a matter of aesthetics but a health issue. In our country, every year 4,000 new cases of skin cancer are diagnosed.