The Functional Rhinoplasty is an intervention that acts on the nasal septum or turbinate mucosa and its main objective to correct the nasal ventilation.
The main function of the nose is to allow and encourage the passage of air into the lungs. Also the air conditioning for a suitable humidity and temperature and allows olfaction, so important in some professions. On the other hand, has implications for the training of the voice as it acts as a resonant cavity. The &ldquo,&rdquo nasal voice;or“rhinolalia” is the characteristic tone of voice of patients with nasal obstruction.
If any of these functions is altered, the patient will have trouble breathing through the nose or nasal congestion sensation of swelling, loss of smell and changes in tone of voice. The causes of these disorders may be due to mechanical obstruction, often involved in this or septal deviation or turbinate hypertrophy, or else due to an inflammation of the mucous membrane to thicken produce obstruction. One of the root causes of this inflammation are environmental allergies.
Those patients with nasal symptoms like shortness of breath, excessive secretion or nasal voice, should see their Otorrinolaringologo to carry out a full scan of the nose, nasal cavity and its function.
Septoplasty or Turbinoplasty
Functional rhinoplasty includes those interventions aimed at improving the flow of air through the nose and mainly act on the nasal septum and so we speak of“ Septoplasty” or turbinate“ Turbinoplasty&rdquo ,.
In cases where we find polyps might indicate its extraction is by“endoscopic nasal surgery or FESS&rdquo ,.
The functional nasal surgery is performed through the nostrils or nasal openings so natural that there is any type of scar. Usually the shape of the nose is not affected in a functional surgery.
Aesthetic Rhinoplasty or Septorhinoplasty
Clearly one of the nasal functions we have not even talked about is the aesthetic. Being in the center of the face on the front vision and side vision to excel in the nose is one of the signs of identity that people recognize in more.
In more and more cases patients require Otorrinolaringologo not only to act on the problem of nasal function but also do a morphological or aesthetic problem In these cases speak of&ldquo ;. Esthetic&rdquo Rhinoplasty;or“Septorhinoplasty&rdquo ,.
Care after Rhinoplasty
Following the intervention of the septum or turbinates often leave a nasal packing to retire after 24-48 hours of intervention. Capping prevents bleeding and helps the healing and consolidation of the septum in position. The discharge of the patient is often the same day so it is not necessary to stay overnight in the hospital.
After removal of the tamponade is important to establish a good nasal hygiene sera instilled through the nostrils and clean the scabs that appear with swabs soaked in hydrogen peroxide and antibiotic ointment.
In cases where it is carried also a cosmetic surgery one nasal splint or containment system were allowed to keep the nose is mobilized in the immediate postoperative. This splint is usually removed one week past surgery.