Diabetic retinopathy:symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

Written by: Dr. Miguel Fernández Fernández
Edited by: Top Doctors®

In the following interview, Dr. Fernández Fernández explains all the details about diabetic retinopathy.



What is diabetic retinopathy? What types are there?

Diabetic retinopathy : is a vasculopathy that affects the retina and caused by diabetes .

There are two stages: Preproliferative Diabetic Retinopathy associated or not with macular edema and Diabetic Retinopathy also associated or not with macular edema, which can lead to severe hemorrhages and tractional retinal detachments.


What symptoms does it present?

Decreased visual acuity in advanced stages of the disease, which can be serious. Irreversible blindness caused by diabetes is the most important in terms of the number of patients who suffer in the Western world.


How is it diagnosed?

By means of eye fundus exploration and in special cases by performing the test as Fluorescein Angiography and Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT).


Which is the treatment? Is it necessary to require surgery?

The treatment is based on a metabolic control of the disease. From the local ophthalmological point of view, it can be treated with Argon laser photocoagulation, intraocular injections of antiangiogenic agents and / or corticosteroids and in more advanced cases by vitreous-retinal surgery.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection
Dr. Miguel Fernández Fernández

By Dr. Miguel Fernández Fernández

It is a reputed doctor, professor of the Department of Ophthalmology at the Complutense University of Madrid. With over 25 years of experience, this is also ophthalmologist and assistant speaker at conferences of various scientific societies of the specialty.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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