Bone regeneration of the jaws is a technique that involves rebuild bone in those areas where there are deficiencies in order to place dental implants.
The dental uses in cases where the bone volume is not sufficient to place dental implants in the ideal position to get enough or dental aesthetics. Atrophy occur after severe jaw bone, traffic accidents, trauma, periodontal disease, etc.
Bone regeneration process
In the process of bone remodeling bone tissue from the same individual they are used because they are the ones that best results are obtained. However, it is also possible to use alloplastic materials, xenografts, etc.
To perform this type of treatment, some previous studies are performed, such as:
- Interview with the patient to know exactly what they want.
- Patient study models and making a three-dimensional radiographic template with the ideal position of the implants.
- Radiographic study to assess the position of the teeth in relation to bone. It consists of a panoramic radiograph and cone beam computed tomography is done with the three-dimensional radiographic template.
- Analytical patient to determine its general condition.
The process takes approximately four to six months. If the implant placement is performed simultaneously with rehabilitation, it may end in six months. However, if implant placement is deferred the process will be extended to eight months.
Complications of bone regeneration process
Complications exist as with any surgical treatment, but may decrease a lot with a good history. In general, there might be cases of inflammation, possible bruising and rarely, exposure of the bone graft.
In cases where the patient is a smoker a greater number of complications is given such as bone graft failure worse scarring and vascularization. The patient should not use a removable dental prosthesis in the grafted area which can cause damage.