Glaucoma: Causes, symptoms and detection

Who has more risk of suffering from glaucoma?

Written by: Dra. Lourdes Jordano Luna
Published: | Updated: 11/08/2018
Edited by: Top Doctors®

In Ophthalteam we take care to provide comprehensive care for your eyes, working in a number of medical disciplines including glaucoma eye is included.

 

What is glaucoma?

Glaucoma eye is a degenerative disease in which increases inside the eye causing ocular tension some pressure is generated. Given that the liquid in the interior of the eye must be constantly renewed, if any part of the process fails (drainage), the intraocular pressure rises and damages the optic nerve.

The professionals in Ophthalmology at our center work every day to improve the health of patients suffering from glaucoma. It is worth mentioning that this is the second leading cause of blindness. But like other diseases, is vital early diagnosis to avoid further complications.

 

Causes of glaucoma

Why we suffer glaucoma? What are the grounds on which we base ourselves previously?

First, we must consider if a person has a family history of glaucoma. Since Ophthalteam, we recommend periodic reviews of the vision every two years to rule out any problems.

Secondly, this disease affects people older than forty. On the other hand, it is more prevalent in Asian and colored people as well as people who are nearsighted at higher levels.

Other aspects that influence the detection of glaucoma is in patients taking a particular medication, such as corticoids. And besides, those with diabetes and hypertension.

glaucoma vision

Symptoms of glaucoma

It should be alerted when peripheral vision is affected. Eyes bloodshot and happen to be visual, such as disorders appear blurred vision, halos of light and tunnel vision (in advanced stages).

How then people are suffering from glaucoma with a standard voltage? This means that your eye strain is at normal levels, but the symptoms mentioned above, yes that are present. We are referring to the blind spots in vision and some problems in the optic nerve. It can happen on occasion given the opposite effect. There are patients with a healthy optic nerve, however, the ocular tension is high with. This condition is known by the term of ocular hypertension.

 

Glaucoma screening

The team of eye care professionals to their patients subjected to a test of whether or not actually suffer from glaucoma. It is called tonometry and it is taken as reference intraocular pressure. All those of our patients whose levels are above normal, have eye glaucoma.

However, to be even more professional and avoid errors, the test is completed with a visual field examination and observation of the optic nerve located in the back of the eye. Only then we will know with accuracy if glaucoma is a reality, as the ocular pressure itself not only serves as a reference.

The treatments we have available to our patients in Ophthalteam to control the ocular glaucoma are medical or surgical. Ophthalmologists keep track of the patient with a visual field and optic nerve tomography Heidelberg OCT and GDX.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dra. Lourdes Jordano Luna
Ophthalmology

Dr. Jordano Moon is a prominent ophthalmologist who operates (mainly) in medical retina and ocular surface surgery, as well as being responsible for the quality of service. It is very active in research work. He combines his professional work, being responsible for the Glaucoma Unit in Ophthalteam Clinic (among others), with teaching, being professor at the European University of Madrid for sixth- of Medicine.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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