Psychotherapy is a treatment aimed at people with psychological or psychiatric disorders that is to make the patient understand why suffer the disorder and help relieve feelings of discomfort, distress and anxiety, in order to provide harmony with itself or with the group .
Unlike medical or surgical treatment, psychotherapy focuses on the symptom of the patient and what it means and means for their daily lives, such as what he is afraid, what depresses him or what he hears voices. Drugs are needed in some cases, such as psychosis, and act as adjuvants to facilitate the healing process.
In psychotherapy, there are several types of treatment, so the specialist in Psychiatry always choose the most appropriate depending on the patient 's condition to help you correct your emotions, attitudes and behavior to meet their needs for recognition and affection .
Although each specialist tends to apply their particular method according to the psychological school that takes as reference, psychoanalysis has the premise that past traumatic experiences are the cause of the patient's internal conflicts. So, if that traumatic unearths source, you can get to solve.
Cognitive behavioral therapy
This therapy also focuses on revealing the traumatic roots of conflict, but believes that the patient's difficulties are not due to the problems that come from outside, but the perception of their environment and their immediate social environment.
That is why cognitive behavioral therapy aims to help patients identify the causes and consequences of their behavior and change their perception to improve your mood and increase your social competence and self-confidence.
Group therapy or family
This therapy considers the source of the problem is in the patient's relationship with his family or group, so both the specialist and the components cater to the patient's reactions to the other members in order to find in the past the origins of these conflicts.
Once the source has been found, we try to highlight the individual patient and strengthen ties therapeutic group or family as a system.
The latter aims to help the patient opening his future prospects, ie, making see new possibilities of satisfaction and personal growth.