Digestive tumors are those that form in the digestive tract. The digestive system is formed by the esophagus, stomach, small intestine and large intestine, anus and may also include pancreatic and liver cancer can be formed in any of these organs.
The most common digestive tumors are the type adenocarcnioma and esophagus are also scaly type. The especailistas in Medical Oncology say variety is less frequent neuroendocrine tumors that have a completely different treatment.
The cause of digestive tumors depends in some way that involves organ. The most common tumors are related to diet and drinking very hot foods favor the development of esophageal and gastric cancer. Furthermore, the presence of Helicobacter pylori related to the onset of gastric tumors. Smoked fish and meat rich diets favor the development of colon cancer.
A small portion have a relationship hereditary.
Symptoms of digestive tumors
The symptoms of a gastrointestinal tumor depend on the organ that is affected. A common symptom in all is weight loss, loss of appetite and anemia, the latter possibly related to bleeding. In some cases, these types of tumors can be painful.
In cancers of the upper digestive tract, the most characteristic symptoms are dysphagia and satiety after making a small food intake. The change in bowel habits is a major symptom in tumors of the colon, and the presence of established and bleeding stool.
Diagnosis of digestive tumors
How to diagnose these diseases is performing a physical exam where the tumor is palpable abdominal mass or DRE.
The main thing is the clinical and physical examination, sonde previously described symptoms were observed on physical examination and is palpable abdominal mass or DRE the presence of a tumor.
As complementary methods, you can perform a CAT scan, an MRI and / or endoscopy, both high and low. These tests are essential to complete the diagnosis, which should be confirmed by taking a biopsy.
Treatment of digestive tumors
Treatment of digestive tumors depends on the stage at which the disease is. If localized disease, that is, it does not affect other organ or has not metastasized, the treatment being performed is surgery. In some cases, this technique needs to be accompanied by complementary chemotherapy treatment.
In the case of rectal or esophageal cancer, neoadjuvant chemotherapy or radiotherapy treatments are performed more.