Endometrial polyps are proliferations of the endometrium, the lining of the inside of the uterus. They are usually benign, but between 0.5 and 1% can degenerate in malignant processes, especially in menopause.
The cause for which they appear is unknown, although there are factors that favor its appearance:
- Medical treatments as those used in breast cancer
- Hormone replacement therapy used after menopause
- Family history of Lynch syndrome or Cowden syndrome
Characteristics of endometrial polyps
The size and shape of endometrial polyps vary thereof. They can be presented as a finding in the gynecological examination or mild to severe symptoms.
Symptoms of endometrial polyps
The most common symptoms are abnormal producing bleedings, as:
- Irregular or unpredictable menstrual bleeding
- Prolonged menstrual bleeding
- Bleeding between periods
- Bleeding during menopause
- Trouble falling or staying pregnant
Should such symptoms should go to the specialist 's office, to find the cause of it and rule out any of these polyps.
How to diagnose and treat endometrial polyps
The suspected diagnosis is performed with ultrasound in consultation Gynecology. Definitive diagnosis and initial treatment of the same are performed by hysteroscopy, endoscopic technique with direct visualization of the uterine lining, being a simple operation that is performed on an outpatient basis in most cases. However, note that not all polyps require removal, and that will have to assess factors such as age of the patient, genésico desire, polyp size and syntomatology it.