In general, the origin of the umbilical hernia is due to an increase in intra - abdominal pressure that gradually weakens the weaker scar area, which is the navel.
Physically, all the forces of the abdominal wall in the umbilicus converge so is the area that supports higher pressures. Therefore, maximum pressure and minimum resistance umbical combine in the region, with the consequent risk of herniation.
What patients have more risk of developing an umbilical hernia?
Causes such as obesity, chronic cough in bronchitis patients or smokers, prostate patients, chronic constipation, repeated vomiting or intense physical exercises of abdominal muscles, favoring therefore all of them raise the intra - abdominal pressure.
Recommendations before the operation of an umbilical hernia
The patient suffering from an umbilical hernia always can make a normal life and when you have no symptoms or complications such as incarceration, ie, the output of the hernia without possibility of reducing it .
Recent advances in the umbilical hernia surgery
Currently, the biggest advance of surgery umbilical hernia is the incorporation of a synthetic mesh to fortify the area more fully than with simple locking points, since it promotes greater healing, thereby creating manner of a "shell" protective.
This intervention can be carried out both by open surgery under local anesthesia and sedation or spinal anesthesia or laparoscopic surgery, although in this case it is required general anesthesia.
How the umbilical hernia is addressed in adult patients and children?
Often the occurrence of umbilical hernias in newborns. In principle it does not require treatment as usually are reduced with the development of abdominal wall. Something similar can occur in pregnancy, sometimes it resolves spontaneously after delivery.
In adults the only curative treatment is surgical closure of the anatomical defect exists.