When a patient comes to a consultation of Cardiology , you can perform different tests depending on the pathology to provide that may suffer.
Below are listed five of the most commonly used tests in the diagnosis of cardiac pathologies.
The electrocardiogram is used in order to measure and record the information of the beat and rhythm of the heart. It facilitates diagnosis of any disease.
Ambulatory blood pressure (MAP)
This medical test involves putting on the patient measurement equipment of last generation for 24-48 hours. During that period the machine collects all measures blood pressure patient while doing your normal daily activities, even during sleep. The computer calculates all the variables statistics, averages, fillers, etc., that allow the doctor to assess the type of high blood pressure suffered by the patient and the most appropriate treatment.
3D Color Doppler echocardiography
This test uses sound waves to create an accurate picture and motion of the heart. Furthermore, the technology determines Doppler blood flow. This test allows the diagnosis of valvular heart disease, and ischemic miocardopatías.
24-48 h dynamic Holter electrocardiogram
This diagnostic test is to monitor the ECG recording three simultaneous channels for 24-48 hours. A small digital recorder placed electrodes attached to the patient will always get while performing normal life. This is very useful medical test to diagnose silent heart disease, conduction disorders, blockades, chronic paroxysmal arrhythmias or occurrence and treatment control.
The stress test is a noninvasive study for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease. To perform the test, the patient walks on a treadmill or pedal a stationary bike gradually increasing the effort as a protocol. During the test, it performed a continuous ECG and vital parameters controls. This test is useful because the heart's response to stress and provides indirect information about the coronary circulation. If there is not enough blood supply for some degree of arterial blockage the heart "complaint" reflecting on the electrocardiogram or causing chest pain.