What pathologies may suffer nipples ?

Written by: Dra. Maria José Barba Martínez
Edited by: Top Doctors®

The nipple is 1cm long and approximately 1cm in diameter. Regarding the areola, the measure is about 3cm in diameter on average. In both men and women, it is very likely that the nipple has certain differences in appearance, size or prominence.

Men often want to treat this problem for an aesthetic issue, although previously it is always advisable to perform certain controls to rule out the possibility of suffering from breast cancer.. On the contrary, in women it can also be an aesthetic aspect, but also due to the impossibility of breastfeeding.


Depending on the shape, the nipple can be classified as: prominent ; pedicled , finer in its area where it is located; flattened , less than one cm in length and slightly protruding from the rest of the breast; Inverted , nipple sunken or depressed, the nipple is kept within the areola.

The appearance of so-called "inverted nipples" can occur in one or both breasts and symmetrically or asymmetrically. The main causes that cause the appearance of the so-called "inverted nipples" can be for congenital reason, the patient is born with a shortening of the ducts and the fibrotic bands of the breast; acquired after diseases such as mastitis or breast cancer.

Another criterion to distinguish types of nipples is depending on the severity. In this way there are:

- Grade I: the inversion of the nipple can be done simply with manipulation.

- Grade II: the correction is made in the same way as in grade I, but the investment usually occurs repeatedly.

- Grade III: for investment it is necessary to require surgery. In the case of mothers who have just given birth, this type of nipple makes it impossible to breastfeed their newborn.

The treatments that currently exist to be able to solve the inverted or flat nipples are the realization of the traditional "Hoffman exercises" or the use of shields, training shields, surgery or the application of tension threads. The prestigious Dra. Barba Martínez recommends to undergo more effective treatments such as surgical solution or tension threads.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dra. Maria José Barba Martínez
Aesthetic Medicine

Dr. Barba Martinez meets his 30-year career; is an expert in female intimate surgery, facial and body tension wires, laser blepharoplasty mastology addition to other treatments, such as capillaries. He has completed many related to their specialty, lectured at national and international studies, and is at the forefront of new techniques, some pioneers like female intimate surgery in Spain (ginecoestética).

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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