Dental malocclusion: types, consequences and treatment

What is the dental malocclusion?

Written by: Dr. Carlos Concejo Cútoli
Published: | Updated: 14/08/2018
Edited by: Top Doctors®

Occlusion is the way in which the upper teeth engage with the bottom. When the teeth are misaligned and do not fit properly we say that a dental malocclusion occurs.

 

Types of malocclusion

Dental malocclusion Within the dental malocclusions there are different degrees. The mildest are very common and occur because the teeth are slightly misaligned or mounted on top of each other, crowded, but the most serious are typically related to the jawbone that are supporting the teeth are misplaced and occurs dental malocclusion cause bone, ie the teeth do not fit because the jaws are narrower, longer or shorter than they should be.

 

Consequences of dental malocclusion

Proper occlusion is necessary not only to chew efficiently but also to pronounce correctly and that the forces of mastication not damage the teeth, gums and the temporomandibular joint. Minor malocclusions not usually cause no major problems although alter the shape and aesthetics of the smile but can cause serious dental, periodontal, muscle and joint problems.

 

Treatment of dental malocclusion

Most dental malocclusions are treated by moving the teeth orthodontic treatment. There are several ways to perform these treatments in addition to conventional braces, can be performed using clear aligners, aesthetic brackets, or brackets placed on the inside of the teeth (lingual orthodontics). The only serious malocclusions are corrected by surgery performed by maxillofacial surgeons called orthognathic surgery and that is to move the jawbone to put teeth into the correct position. These procedures are performed nowadays routinely with comfortable and excellent postoperative results.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Carlos Concejo Cútoli
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Doctor cum laude in Medicine and Surgery by the University of Navarra. He is a specialist in oral and maxillofacial surgery with a diploma from the European Board. He completed his training at California Center for Corrective Jaw Surgery and Mount Sinai Hospital in New York. He was founder and director of the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the University of Navarra Clinic. It is considered a reference in the management and application of computer programs for the planning of Orthognathic Surgery and Implantology. Member of the European and International Societies of Maxillofacial Surgery. He is currently a specialist and co-director of the Cross Clinic in Navarra and member of the Editorial Board of the Spanish Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. It has been "Top Doctors Award" of 2015 that distributes the 10 most recommended specialists.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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