Occlusion is the way in which the upper teeth engage with the bottom. When the teeth are misaligned and do not fit properly we say that a dental malocclusion occurs.
Types of malocclusion
Within the dental malocclusions there are different degrees. The mildest are very common and occur because the teeth are slightly misaligned or mounted on top of each other, crowded, but the most serious are typically related to the jawbone that are supporting the teeth are misplaced and occurs dental malocclusion cause bone, ie the teeth do not fit because the jaws are narrower, longer or shorter than they should be.
Consequences of dental malocclusion
Proper occlusion is necessary not only to chew efficiently but also to pronounce correctly and that the forces of mastication not damage the teeth, gums and the temporomandibular joint. Minor malocclusions not usually cause no major problems although alter the shape and aesthetics of the smile but can cause serious dental, periodontal, muscle and joint problems.
Treatment of dental malocclusion
Most dental malocclusions are treated by moving the teeth orthodontic treatment. There are several ways to perform these treatments in addition to conventional braces, can be performed using clear aligners, aesthetic brackets, or brackets placed on the inside of the teeth (lingual orthodontics). The only serious malocclusions are corrected by surgery performed by maxillofacial surgeons called orthognathic surgery and that is to move the jawbone to put teeth into the correct position. These procedures are performed nowadays routinely with comfortable and excellent postoperative results.