removable dentures: features, use and updates

Written by: Dr. Daniel Torres Lagares
Published: | Updated: 15/11/2018
Edited by: Top Doctors®

The removable denture is a technique quite traditional dental replacement, although it still has much use in consultations. While fixed prosthesis can only be removed by a specialist in dentistry , removable dentures can be removed from the mouth by the patient.

Since the patient must donning and doffing at least every night, the design of the removable prosthesis should be adapted to maximize retention, function and aesthetics in terms of physiology and chewing each patient. This prosthesis is also characterized by being able to replace the entire dental arch and obviously specific sectors of the mouth.

Types of removable prosthesis

The removable prosthesis operation and composition varies according to the characteristics of the patient's mouth, so that is classified into three types:

  • tooth-supported prosthesis rests on the teeth.
  • dentomucosoportada prosthesis is supported by both the tooth and oral mucosa. It is used when a tooth is missing.
  • tissue-borne prosthesis relies exclusively on the mucosa. It is used in the most extreme case, when all the teeth are missing.


Materials removable dentures

Since the dental tissue is very hard but the gums are very sensitive and that the prosthesis is usually in contact with both, it is usually composed of a mixture of metal with resin.

The device that holds it is usually made with a fusion of chromium and cobalt and seamless to have a maximum hardness. From there they come two retaining or "hooks" that are adapted to the teeth and endure the prosthesis.

Where prosthetic parts, which are made of resin white or clear, the metal is coated with resin pink color to simulate the mucosal placed. In fact, entire oral mucosa where prosthetic parts are to have contact only with the resin, because of its sensitivity.


Using the removable prosthesis in consultations

While removable dentures is not particularly novel, its use in consultations still valid. Either by budget or by the will of the patient, the removable prosthesis remains a useful option for tooth replacement.

In addition, the most advanced technologies, such as implants, have been unified with the techniques of renewable prosthesis, but has not replaced at all.

In fact, you should be wary of clinics that only offer implants, because it is a more expensive process that the removable prosthesis. This may mean that the center is more interested in the patient to pay in the ethics of the profession. Thus, there is no reason not to offer the removable prosthesis.


Technological advances in the removable prosthesis

Although, as mentioned above, the removable prosthesis is not the newest technique, work continues on developments related to it. Whenever teeth better quality are produced, some with high ceramic content, enhancing its hardness and aesthetics, or resins that protect increasingly mouth bacteria and kept cleaner.

The scope of dental adhesives is also a field that continues to advance, as it provides patients more security and retention for specific situations.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Daniel Torres Lagares

Dr. Torres Lagares has over 10 years dedicated to dentistry. In parallel with the exercise of their profession, the doctor has practiced and worked as professor in the Department of Stomatology of the University of Seville. Throughout his long career, Dr. has combined both his teaching career as professional with the publication of articles and books, as well as collaboration in congresses, conferences and research projects. Currently it serves on Setodent Dental Clinic in Santa Luisa de Sevilla Hospital.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

View Profile

Overall assessment of their patients