The complete denture is one of the most cherished treatments and hated by patients being perhaps the only immediate treatment in some cases can help the patient out of trouble to go without teeth, but it can also be a source of many difficulties of adaptation and discomfort.
Actually, the title should be complete prosthesis removable since currently the complete prosthesis can be also fixed through the use of implants.
Years ago the carriers of this type of prosthesis were mainly older people who had gradually been losing their teeth or with teeth in very bad condition. Today these people are wearing this type of prosthesis in the vast majority of cases, often in a deplorable condition indeed due to lack of financial resources or simply the lack of adequate information. Currently the most common use of this type of prosthesis is usually as immediate dentures, prior to conducting implant treatment.
In complete dentures, commonly known as "dentures" We can distinguish three parts:
- The internal part that contacts the residual gum and bone of both jaws is provided by the static hold. Its subject is based on the type suction effect of the concave portion to rest on the gingiva, aided by capillary effect of saliva. Therefore, to retain the prosthesis is important that a minimum of bone and gum and the patient has a good salivary flow.
- The second part of the prosthesis is the top or occlusal formed by the teeth. It is very important that proper placement and stability will help chewing and not the prosthesis mismatch. Generally, teeth are of a type of resin that resists wear for several years.
- Finally, the outside will come modeled in relation to the cheeks, lips and bridles. It contributes to the stability of the prosthesis and allows the patient to speak, swallow, laugh or even sneeze!
It is very important to note that the complete prosthesis is very dependent patient treatment. This means that only through practice the patient will be able to direct the prosthesis and not the reverse. This requires a high dose of patience and time. Exactly the same will happen to the dentist.
Edited by Roser Berner Ubasos.