Urological problems affecting women

Written by: Dr. José Díaz Bermúdez
Edited by: Alicia Arévalo Bernal

Women suffer less urological pathologies than men. However, when they reach a certain age, they often suffer some diseases that, although they are generally simple solution, reduce their quality of life. Urinary tract infection is the leading urological condition in women. There are guidelines, changes of habits and pelvic floor exercises that can avoid complications.

Urinary pathologies in women

  • Out of four patients with polyps in the kidneys, one is female. In addition, one third of the cases are those who suffer from bladder cancer.
  • Resistance to antibiotics.
  • Candidiasis of the vagina.
  • Infective calculi, which are very aggressive germs that form stones and seriously affect the kidney.

Fundamentally, what happens when suffering some of these pathologies is that women tend to have urinary infections with a certain frequency. It is from this point on that complications arise. Those women who suffer from three or four cystitis in a year should see a specialist in urology , since it is synonymous with some habit or process that favors infections.


  • Guidelines, behavioral changes, antibiotic treatments and even effective vaccines to protect against bacteria and avoid repetitive cystitis.
  • Blueberries are recommended by many specialists as a preventative resource.
  • Medication that does not let the disease progress, before it becomes serious or recurrent.

Cystitis and urinary incontinence

Although cystitis and its consequences do not distinguish between young and old women, at a certain age it is more normal for the defenses to fall. This, together with prolapse of the pelvic organs and urinary incontinence, more frequent in older women, favors the development of infections. In fact, stress urinary incontinence is the typical female urologic disease. It affects one third of older women, is aggravated by menopause and consists of urine leakage during exertion, some of them mild, such as coughing, laughing or walking. It is a problem caused by the natural wear of the body, especially by the loss of attachment of the urethra. This organ is located inside the abdomen and, in a woman in which it is not well secured, when coughing or laughing it is pushed out and the pressure prevents it from being kept closed to avoid losing liquid.

Treatment of urinary incontinence

  • Pelvic floor exercises to strengthen muscles, in addition to the use of compresses, when the losses are slight.
  • Simple and minimally invasive surgery to place the urethra in place, when rehabilitation or exercises do not work.
*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. José Díaz Bermúdez

Renowned specialist in Urology, Dr. Diaz Bermudez is an expert in laparoscopic surgery and prostate cancer, among other treatments of the urinary tract of women and men. He graduated in Medicine and Surgery from the University of Santiago de Compostela, made a formative stay in Urodynamics Unit and Functional Urology in the Puigvert Foundation in Barcelona. Currently she combines private practice with the work of urologist at the Galician Health Service. Author and contributor to various chapters of books and articles published in scientific journals of national and internationally. In addition, he is Member of the Galician Society of Urology and the Spanish Society of Urology.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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