The diseases that involve more visits to the units of Pediatrics are those involving the respiratory system : colds, bronchiolitis, asthma attacks, rhinitis or sinusitis. Also the pathologies related to the digestive system , where the consultations are carried out mainly in two extreme cases: constipation on the one hand, and diarrhea and vomiting on the other. In addition, endemic diseases are also recurrent. These are those that are produced by outbreaks that occur during different times of the year, such as chickenpox.
As important as treating asthma is to diagnose it. It is necessary to conduct a good interrogation on family diseases, to determine if there is any genetic predisposition and to understand how the symptoms of the child have evolved over time. After knowing these data, the specialist can perform tests and tests to finally determine the cause that triggers the crises, and with that to be able to pose personalized treatments for each patient.
It is important to make a good diagnosis, which can differentiate between asthma or simple allergy. In addition, it is also necessary to be aware in case the crises suffered by the child are repeated over time.
There are as many allergens as there are elements in the environment, although the most frequent allergies are those that are triggered by the elements to which the child is exposed.
- The neumoallergens are those that are inhaled, like mites, alternaria or pollen.
- On the other hand, trophallergens are usually of food origin, and are often found in milk, eggs, soybeans or citrus fruits. Beyond these two large groups, you can also give allergies to insect bites, and other so many things.
In the same way, the reaction that produces each allergy in the individual is also very variable. From a mild skin reaction to urticaria , to problems with the respiratory system, such as rhinitis or bronchospasm , or eye conditions such as conjunctivitis. Although the real problem occurs if the reaction is very severe and several systems of the child are compromised, even endangering their lives. This phenomenon is known as anaphylaxis .
Evolution of Asthma and Allergies
Both asthma and allergies are chronic diseases , that is, they have no cure. Although it is a pathology that will accompany the patient throughout his life, with good control and if the treatment is appropriate, children will reach an excellent level of quality of life, also during adult life. There is a revealing fact: more than 20% of athletes in an Olympic Games suffer from asthma, and have managed to achieve their goals with a good control of the pathology with which they coexist.