Lyme disease is a disease caused by the bacterium borrelia burgdorferi, which is transmitted by ticks .
The way to diagnose it is by means of laboratory test (serology by ELISA method and Western Blot). The problem is that these tests have a high rate of false negatives (negative results that are really positive), and also some cases of false positives (positive results that are really negative).
Symptoms of Lyme Disease
The presenting symptoms of Lyme disease are varied (is called therefore "the great imitator"): dizziness, headache, fatigue, numbness in hands and feet, muscle aches, fever, gastrointestinal symptoms (nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, constipation), etc.
Risk Factors for Lyme Disease
Frequent areas where borrelia is more frequent (Spain is an endemic country): outings to the countryside, activities such as horse riding or hunting, etc.
Treatment of Lyme disease
If Lyme disease is at an early stage the treatment is simple: antibiotics. If the disease is advanced, it is a complex treatment that includes antibiotics, changes in lifestyle / diet, nutritional supplements and immunomodulatory substances.
Is Lyme disease common among minors?
Children are especially vulnerable to Lyme disease. First because they are short in height and going to field more contact with vegetation than adults. In addition, they often like contact with animals, which occasionally carry ticks. They also will not tell us that they have a bite if they are very small and, in addition, the disease in them manifests differently (usually as irritability, inattention or hyperactivity, abdominal pain or muscle pain).